Between the years 1717 and 1723 Johann Sebastian Bach works as ‘Hofkapellmeister’ in Xothen in the service of the German prince Leopold von Anhalt-Kthen. During his tenure there, Bach was concerned chiefly with secular instrumental music. Among the works composed in this period are the six Brandenburg Concertos, the first hook of Das Wohltemperierte Clavier and the first four French Suites. Leopold was an enthusiastic music lover. He played himself and maintained what was for the time an extraordinarily large court orchestra. It was made up of the very best musicians of the day. The gambist and cellist Ferdinand Christian Abel must have been an exceptional player, as Bach composed six suites for cello for him in 1720, the first important compositions for solo violoncello in the repertoire.Download booklet
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